JF Kennedy was the 35th president of United States of America and was assassinated on Friday, November 22nd, 1963 at 12.30 p.m. in Dealey Plaza, Texas. It was at the height of the cold war and a year after the Cuban missile crisis and a near break of the nuclear war (Bugliosi, 10). JF Kennedy’s error was marked by tensions and crisis around the world. It was at this time when the civil rights movement was gathering pace after it started in 1960. Fidel Castro had risen to power in Cuba and several attempts to assassinate him were eminent during this era and Vietnam was becoming unruly which blow into a full-scale war later. These domestic and foreign issues split Kennedy’s administration. This is because of the numerous groups that made it like CIA. Pentagon Hardliners, Cuban exiles, extremists, and racists. All had a motive for murder because of the tension surrounding them and could be potential assassinators of the president though no one knows.
It was 22nd November on a Friday noon exactly 12.30, when riding in a motorcade through Dealey Plaza in Dallas, that JF Kennedy was assassinated. He was rushed to Parkland Hospital, where numerous efforts to keep him alive failed. He was pronounced dead around 1 pm. The president’s motorcade route through Dallas had planned to give Kennedy full exposure to the crowds there. He was riding with his wife and Senator Connolly and was to attend a luncheon wit civic leaders and business fraternity in that city. The white house staff had communicated to the secret service that the president would arrive in Dallas on a flight (Bugliosi, 15). The luncheon was to be held at Dallas Trade Mart at the suggestion of Kenneth O Donnell the president’s friend. The motorcade had been allocated 45 minutes from the Dallas love airfield to the luncheon. The actual route chosen was a meandering 10-mile route from Dallas love field to the luncheon which was to be driven slowly in the time allocated. This was planned by special agent Wilson G Lawson who was a member of the white house detail together with Forest V Sorrels a special agent in charge of Dallas office (Stockland, 42). Both had attended a meeting at Love field and drove over the route that was to be used by the president. The planned route to the Trade Mart was widely reported in Dallas newspapers several days before the event, for the benefit of people who wished to view the motorcade.
On that fateful day, after a breakfast speech in Fort Worth, where Kennedy had stayed overnight after arriving from Houston and Washington the day before, the president boarded Air Force One which departed at 11:10 am and arrived at Dallas Love Field 15 minutes later. The motorcade left Love Field for the trip through Dallas at 11.40. This was ten minutes late than initially planned due to enthusiastic crowds and an unplanned stop directed the president.
The Shooting at Dealey Plaza
Five minutes from the Dallas Trade Mart, the president’s uncovered limousine entered the Dealey Plaza. Together with the first Lady Nellie and Governor Connally, they enjoyed the enthusiasm of the crowds. Within one second, shots were fired at Kennedy as many witnesses recalled hearing three shots, some of the witnesses did recognize the first gunshot blast they heard as a weapon blast, but there was hardly any reaction from a majority of the crowd or riding in the motorcade itself to the first shot, with many later saying they heard what they first thought to be a firecracker or the exhaust malfunction of a vehicle just after the president started waving (Spencer, 32). As per the Zapruder frames 155 and 169, President Kennedy, Governor Connally and the first lady turned abruptly from looking their left to looking their right and by then the problem had been shot on the thought by one bullet and another on the head which killed Him. Mrs. Was injured while Governor Connally was shot and had to undergo two operations that day before regaining consciousness. The president was later taken and rushed to parkland hospital where he was pronounced dead on arrival. His body removed against the wishes of Texas authorities and flown back to Washington with his wife Jackie and his successor, President Lyndon Johnson who was sworn in before being flown back. An autopsy was performed at Bethesda Naval Hospital.
JF Kennedy’s Burial.
The president was buried three days after his assassination. His body o was brought back to Washington, D.C. and placed in the East Room of the White House for 24 hours. On the Sunday after his assassination, the coffin was carried on a horse-drawn caisson to the United States Capital (Bugliosi, 23). Hundreds of thousands lined up to view the guarded casket throughout the day and night. Delegates from over ninety countries attended the state funeral on Monday, November 25 1963. The Requiem Mass was carried out at St. Matthew’s Cathedral, He was laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia later
Investigations of Kennedy’s death
After the assassinations, several investigations to probe the president’s assassination kicked off and on November 29 President Johnson signed Executive Order 11130 which created a President’s Commission headed by Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren. Other members included Senators Russell and Cooper, Representatives Ford and Boggs, former High Commissioner of Germany John McCloy, and Allen Dulles a CIA Director for several years until his resigning following the failed invasion of Cuba this formed the warren commission.
On the day of the assassination, the, Lee Harvey Oswald, a former Marine and defector to the Soviet Union, was arrested around 2 PM at the Texas Theatre in the Oak Cliff suburb of Dallas while trying to sneak in without a ticket. He was charged with murdering a police officer named J.D. Tippit. Oswald was paraded in front of the world’s gathering cameras and accused of murdering President Kennedy after being thoroughly interrogated by the security agencies. He was later murdered at basement shooting within hours of Oswald’s murder; federal authorities including the powerful FBI Director J. Edgar moved to close the case (Stockland, 53).
The warren commission gave its report a year later in which they disclosed to the public six years later. It was stated that Oswald was acting alone although it is believed that the Kennedy assassination was a conspiracy and the government was covering up other suspected parties included the CIA, the Russian KGB, the American Mafia, the Israeli government, FBI director J. Edgar Hoover, the sitting Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson, Cuban President Fidel Castro and the Federal Reserve. It has never been known who really sanctioned the assassination of JF Kennedy but investigations revealed that Oswald was not acting alone very powerful people in the government were behind it.
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